This edited volume offers a comparative and interdisciplinary analysis of interrogation and questioning in war and conflict in the twentieth century.
Despite the current public interest and its military importance, interrogation and questioning in conflict is still a largely under-researched theme. This volume's methodological thrust is to select historical case studies from twentieth-century conflicts ranging from the First World War until the war in the Former Yugoslavia, and including the Second World War, decolonization, the Cold War, the 'Troubles' in Northern Ireland and international justice cases in The Hague. These case-studies were selected because they resurface previously unexplored sources on the topic, or revisit known cases which allow us to analyse the role of interrogation and questioning in intelligence, security and military operations, as well as in international justice, not only focusing on the methods used, but also raising awareness on other important issues. For example, how do intelligence, security, military and international justice institutions conceive of interrogation and questioning? How has this been put into practice in the twentieth century? What elements, such as languages, cultural differences, ethnicity and psychology, affect the conduct of interrogation and questioning and their outcome? What are the effects of the various approaches to interrogation on the institutions implementing them? What are the differences in approaches adopted in military interrogation and interviewing, interrogation for intelligence and security, and witness/suspect questioning in international justice settings? And again are there any differences in methods used by liberal states and dictatorial regimes, and in different situations, such as total war and counter-insurgency for example? And, most importantly, is the use of harsh methods allowed in the fight against enemies such as Nazi spies and terrorists? Do these methods work?
This book will be of much interest to students of intelligence studies, strategic studies, counter-terrorism, international justice, history and IR in general.
Toward a Cultural Archive of la Movida revisits the cultural and social milieu in which la Movida, an explosion of artistic production in the late 1970s and early 1980s, was articulated discursively, aesthetically, socially, and politically. We connect this experience with a broader national and international context that takes it beyond the city of Madrid and outside the borders of Spain. This collection of essays links the political and social undertakings of this cultural period with youth movements in Spain and other international counter-cultural or underground movements. Moving away from biographical experiences or the identification of further participants and works that belong to la Movida, the articles collected in this volume situate this movement within the political and social development of post-Franco Spain. Finally, it also offers a reading of recent politically motivated recoveries of this cultural phenomenon through exhibitions, state sponsored documentaries, musicals, or tourist itineraries. The perception of Spain as representative of a successful dual transition from dictatorship to democracy and free market capitalism created a "Spanish model" that has been emulated in countries like Portugal, Argentina, Chile and Hungary, all formerly ruled by totalitarian regimes. While social scientists study the promises, contradictions and failures of the Spanish Transicion-especially on issues of memory, repression, and (the lack of) reconciliation -our approach from the humanities offers another vantage point to a wider discussion of an unfinished chapter in recent Spanish history by focusing on la Movida as the "cultural archive" whose cultural transitions parallel the political and economic ones. The transgressive, urban nature of this movement demonstrated an overt desire, especially among Spanish youth, to reach onto a global arena emulating the punk and new wave aesthetic of such cities as London, New York, Paris, and Berlin. Art, design, film, music, fashion during this period helped to forge a sense of a modern urban identity in Spain that also reflected the tensions between modernity and tradition, global forces and local values, international mass media technology and regional customs.
#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY LOS ANGELES TIMES, THE GUARDIAN, AND SUSPENSE MAGAZINE Stephen King calls Jack Reacher the coolest continuing series character and now he s back in this masterly new thriller from Lee Child. Why is this town called Mother s Rest? That s all Reacher wants to know. But no one will tell him. It s a tiny place hidden in a thousand square miles of wheat fields, with a railroad stop, and sullen and watchful people, and a worried woman named Michelle Chang, who mistakes him for someone else: her missing partner in a private investigation she thinks must have started small and then turned lethal. Reacher has no particular place to go, and all the time in the world to get there, and there s something about Chang . . . so he teams up with her and starts to ask around. He thinks: How bad can this thing be? But before long he s plunged into a desperate race through LA, Chicago, Phoenix, and San Francisco, and through the hidden parts of the internet, up against thugs and assassins every step of the way right back to where he started, in Mother s Rest, where he must confront the worst nightmare he could imagine. Walking away would have been easier. But as always, Reacher s rule is: If you want me to stop, you re going to have to make me. Praise for Make Me Child s Reacher series has hit Book No. 20 with a resounding peal of wisecracking glee. Everything about it, starting with Reacher s nose for bad news, is as strong as ever. . . . The big guy s definitely on the upswing. The guy who writes about him is too. Janet Maslin, The New York Times Another winner. . . There s a reason why Child is considered the best of the best in the thriller genre: He can take all these strange elements and cliches and make them compelling and original. Associated Press A superb thriller. New York Daily News Child s complete command of the story makes this thriller work brilliantly. Publishers Weekly (starred review) I ve read all twenty of Lee Child s novels. Maybe there s something wrong with me. But I can t wait for the twenty-first. Malcolm Gladwell, The New Yorker [The Reacher series] is the current gold standard in the genre. . . . In Make Me Lee Child delivers another Jack Reacher specialty; the total knockout. Dayton Daily News Child serves up wingding plots, pithy dialogue, extraordinary background on intriguing topics, and cunningly constructed suspense. But what keeps us coming back by the millions is the chance to walk around in the skin of that big guy in the middle of everything. The Oregonian A dark thriller . . . Lee Child s Make Me, the twentieth in his wildly popular Jack Reacher series, delivers exactly what readers have come to expect from the perennial bestselling author: interesting characters, tight plots and page-turning action. . . . Readers won t be disappointed. Minneapolis Star Tribune Jack Reacher is back. . . . Readers new to this series will find this book a good starting point, and fans will be pleased to see Jack again. LibraryReads (Top Ten Pick) The reigning champ ups the ante. Booklist (starred review)"
With his best friend Robbie now living in another city, and his on again, off again love Kennedy as his co-editor on the school newspaper, Arthur's final year at junior high is off to a rocky start. A chance to produce his own play gives him some hope, but it's dashed when the new principal challenges the final scene. Not one to take "no" for an answer, Arthur uses his wit to evade censorship... and now the graduation dance is in danger of being cancelledmuch to Kennedy's dismay. In typical egotistic style, Arthur won't back down, citing artistic integrity. Torn between the wishes of his fellow students and his own best chance for fame, what will Arthur do? His power trip gives us more insanity, more laughs and maybe a lesson or two.
In clear, easy-to-grasp language, the author covers many of the topics that you will need to know in order to launch and run a successful business venture.
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