Although Epilepsy in children is often considered as a benign condition with possible recovery in adolescence, most cases are accompanied by serious disturbances of the cognitive functions. Epileptics encephalopathies represent the most dramatic section of paediatric neurology. In most cases, children develop severe frequent polymorphic seizures, permanent extended epileptiform activity on the electroencephalogram and severe disturbances of higher mental functions. In some patients, seizures may be absent but severe cognitive, behaviour and speech disturbances develop in any case. This book, written by Russian experts in the aforementioned field, is devoted to those epileptic encephalopathies when epilepsy itself is the major cause of psychomotor retardation in children. It summarises current data from the world-wide literature and authors' long experience of practical work with patients suffering from epileptic encephalopathies. Each chapter includes a clear definition of the syndrome, its historical background, information about aetiology and pathogenesis. Maximal attention is paid to the semiology of epileptic seizures, EEG and neuroimaging data. Diagnostic criteria and differential diagnosis are presented in detail. Many sections are illustrated with histories and photos of patients with rare diseases, examples of typical changes in EEG and MRI. And of course, the treatment is provided for all forms of epileptic encephalopathies.
This volume elucidates new aspects of the problems faced in utilization of salt tolerant plants as a resource for livestock. It also explores the roles of halophytes in the rehabilitation of degraded lands, especially in the world's drier regions. It aims to develop a better understanding of the role of halophytes and the measures that can be taken to promote their better use so as to ensure maximum benefits, including the conservation of biodiversity.
This comprehensive atlas presents the clinical practice of neonatal electroencephalography through text, references, and detailed figures demonstrating normal and abnormal features of the neonatal EEG from the most premature infant to one month post-term. Each chapter contains dozens of full-page EEG images, along with detailed legends that place them in context, to emphasize specific components of the neonatal EEG as a benchmark for recognizing signature characteristics and interpreting clinical data. For the new Fourth Edition, Eli Mizrahi and Richard Hrachovy, established authorities in neonatal neurophysiology, have distilled the advances of the last ten years and provided the latest and best references for each chapter, updating their indispensable atlas to reflect current research and practice throughout. Atlas of Neonatal EEG is a singular atlas, unrivaled in the breadth of its coverage and level of detail in presenting examples of normal and abnormal recordings of neonatal EEG patterns at varying young ages. This edition includes many new digital figures which emphasize findings in the premature infant, artifacts, and abnormal features, and expanded discussions of age-dependent features of sleep and bedside monitoring. Designed to appeal to practicing neurologists, neurophysiologists, epileptologists, and electroneurodiagnostic technologists, this book is a must-have for anyone involved in recording and interpreting neonatal EEG readouts. Trainees will also find this atlas to be an approachable and an essential guide to the development of the infant brain. Key Features: * Contains more than 250 EEG figures, including more than 60 new to this edition.* Presents comprehensive full-page examples of neonatal EEG from prematurity to term.* Includes chapters on approach to visual analysis and interpretation, technical aspects of recording, artifacts, normal neonatal EEG of premature and term infants, patterns of uncertain diagnostic significance, abnormal neonatal EEG of premature and term infants, and neonatal seizures.* Updated to reflect current references and clinical practice guidelines.* Comprehensive review and synthesis of historical and current medical literature relating to neonatal EEG.
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